Nicotine Pouches Side Effects

Whatever we consume—food, beverage, medication, or any substance—serves its intended purpose and often has unintended reactions or side effects. The same is true for nicotine pouches. Here, we’ll examine nicotine pouches’ side effects and health impacts.

What are nicotine pouches? 

Nicotine pouches are one of the more recent additions to the list of smoking cessation alternatives in the market. Not only does it not contain tobacco, it is also not burned like cigarettes. 

These small sachets contain nicotine salts, fillers, additives, and flavours. They vary in nicotine strength and flavour to cater to the users’ varying needs. 

How to use nicotine pouches?

Nicotine pouches offer a novel way of delivering nicotine to the body. The nicotine-containing pouch is positioned between the upper lip and the gum and allowed to sit there for 30-60 minutes, depending on the maker’s specification. 

Within that period, the pouch gets wetted by the saliva, which dissolves the powder in the bag. The pouch material is porous, allowing the transfer of the saliva and the dissolved nicotine, which is eventually absorbed by the body through the mucus membrane in the gum. 

Benefits from nicotine pouches

The benefits one gets from the use of nicotine pouches will always be gauged against the product that they are trying to replace, in this case, the traditional tobacco products. 

The oral nicotine pouch is tagged as a better and safer alternative to tobacco smoking. What makes it better and safer than cigarette smoking is what we’ll look into here. 

It does not contain any tobacco.

Tobacco became famous not for itself but for the nicotine it contains, the psychoactive chemical that makes smoking pleasurable to many. Other than nicotine, tobacco contains thousands of toxic chemicals that make it unpopular, too. 

Nicotine pouches have the nicotine but not the toxic chemicals. 

It does not involve combustion.

It’s bad enough that tobacco contains a lot of harmful substances; it’s even worse that it is burned, producing more harmful substances in the process.

It does not produce smoke or vapour.

In smoking, nicotine is delivered to a person’s system by the smoke burning produces. The smoke is inhaled, and nicotine is absorbed through the person’s respiratory organs and into the bloodstream. The bad thing is it’s not only nicotine that the smoke carries but also the toxic substances that are delivered to the person’s bloodstream.

Its use does not inconvenience other people.

Smoke, being smoke, spreads to the air and gets inhaled by the people around the smoker, with nicotine and all the harmful chemicals in it. This second-hand smoke is the reason why smoking is prohibited in public places, for they are as harmful to non-smokers as to smokers.

Aside from the health impact of smoke, its smell persists in the room for a long time and is very hard to eliminate. 

It is discreet and convenient.

If second-hand smoke is a problem in smoking, one can use nicotine pouches without other people knowing. Its use is discreet and convenient; you can do it anytime and anywhere. And it’s not messy to use. 

It is an efficient way to deliver nicotine to the body.

All tobacco products and their alternatives are all about nicotine delivery. Smoking, chewing, sniffing, skin absorption, and others are different ways of delivering nicotine to the body.

Nicotine pouches deliver nicotine to the system with little effort. And we’re talking of nicotine in pure pharmaceutical form, not something that still needs extraction from tobacco.

There is no regulation against it.

Nicotine is not a controlled substance; it’s smoking that is restricted in many public places.

There is no social reaction to consider when using it.

There was a time when smoking in public was considered cool and even glamorous. Big celebrities were photographed with sticks of cigarettes in their hands. There were no limitations to its use in bars, schools, workplaces, and in many public places.

These days, with the increased awareness of its health risks, there has been a shift in public attitudes towards smoking. These days, smoking is done mainly in spaces designated for it only.

It may be used to manage withdrawal symptoms in cases of tobacco reduction or cessation.

The problem with tobacco reduction and cessation are the cravings and the withdrawal symptoms. Nicotine pouches can help smokers reduce their nicotine intake gradually while managing the withdrawal symptoms.

Adverse effects of nicotine pouches

The longterm effects of using far too many nicotine pouches for a long time are:

Nicotine addiction

People find it hard to give up smoking because of the cravings and the withdrawal symptoms they experience when they quit, and it’s because of nicotine. Hence, we cannot over-emphasise the need for moderation for all nicotine products, including nicotine pouches. 

Potential for gum irritation and gum recession

A nicotine pouch is placed between the upper lip and gum for up to 30-60 minutes, so when overdone or when a person has sensitive gums, there is the possibility of irritation and, eventually, gum recession. The following can help prevent this from happening:

  • Use nicotine pouches in moderation. Not only is nicotine addictive, but excessive use can lead to gum irritation. 
  • Switch sides for every use of the pouch. That way, the gum will have time to recover if it’s prone to irritation.
  • Don’t let the pouch overstay in the mouth. Stick to the maker’s recommended maximum time of use
  • Use a pouch variant with lower nicotine strength; the variant you’re using might be too strong for you. 
  • Choose a smaller pouch. Bigger pouches are more likely to irritate. 
  • Practice good oral hygiene
  • Have regular dental check-ups

Nicotine Pouch Side Effects

Different individuals react differently to different substances, including nicotine. The side effects of nicotine pouches are the side effects of pure nicotine. Suppose a person is sensitive to nicotine, in all probability. In that case, he will react the same way to any nicotine products, regardless of the delivery method. They include:

Dizziness & Lightheadedness

Some people experience dizziness and lightheadedness in reaction to nicotine consumption. This reaction varies among individuals. First-time users of nicotine products commonly experience them when used at high dosages.

Nicotine can cause a temporary increase in heart rate and blood pressure, which may cause reduced blood flow to the brain. In some instances, nicotine can affect the inner ear, affecting the balance of a person. 

Sleep Disturbances

Nicotine is a stimulant, so regular use, incredibly close to bedtime, can cause various sleep problems, such as difficulty in falling asleep and fragmented sleep, 

Headaches

Headaches can also be from the stimulant effect of nicotine, causing the blood vessels in the body to narrow, reducing the blood flow to the brain.

Increase in blood pressure. 

Nicotine is known to temporarily increase blood pressure upon consumption when adrenaline is released, causing the blood vessels to constrict and the heart to beat faster.

Other Oral Nicotine Products and Their Side-Effects

Aside from nicotine pouches, other oral nicotine products emerged after tobacco smoking became unpopular. The downsides mentioned here do not include the typical side effects of nicotine, as previously mentioned. The products include: 

Nicotine gums 

Nicotine is released from nicotine gums by slightly chewing them until a tingling sensation is felt in the mouth. After that, users leave a gum between the cheek and gum. They chew on the gum again when the tingling fades. The chewing and the parking are repeated within about 30 minutes until users don’t taste any flavour and feel the tingling sensation.

The nicotine is delivered to the bloodstream through the mucus membrane in the mouth. 

Using nicotine gums can have the following downsides:

  • It’s a gum that can stick to dentures, bridges, braces, dental caps, and other dental work.
  • The swallowing of some nicotine with the saliva is unavoidable, and this can lead to stomach discomfort and throat and mouth irritation.
  • Nicotine turns yellowish when oxidised. The movement of the jaws and tongue can create air pockets in the mouth, so there is usually air when one chews. Yellowish nicotine interacts with the teeth, which can turn yellow over time. 
  • Other side effects of nicotine gums may include jaw and mouth soreness and too much saliva. 

Nicotine Lozenges

The nicotine delivery method of nicotine lozenges is through the mucus membrane in the mouth. The lozenges are placed in the mouth and allowed to dissolve slowly. They are not chewed or swallowed. Using the tongue, the user can move a lozenge from one cheek to the other inside the mouth.

There is more involvement of saliva in this delivery system, hence the tendency to swallow some of the nicotine, which is not the desired transfer route. This can lead to stomach discomfort.

Nicotine in the saliva also means more exposure of the teeth to nicotine. When oxidised, nicotine turns yellowish, which may stain the teeth over time.

Nicotine Tablets

Nicotine tablets are placed in the mouth and are allowed to dissolve slowly. It is through the oral mucosa that nicotine gets delivered to the bloodstream. This delivery system is similar to lozenges, with the same risks.

Snus

Snus is a smokeless, moist tobacco powder in a pouch that is placed between the gum and the lip. It comes in various flavours. 

Its delivery system is through absorption through oral mucosa. This product contains tobacco, so it comes with the chemicals that are inherent to tobacco, including tar that can stain teeth and other hazardous chemicals that can cause oral problems. 

Recent developments in snus include a tobacco-less version. 

Snuff

Snuff is a finely ground or shredded tobacco leaf placed in the mouth between the cheek and gum or under either lips. 

As this contains tobacco leaves, it means it’s not only nicotine that gets absorbed in the mouth 

but also the harmful chemicals in the tobacco. It poses the same risks in the mouth as the tobacco-containing snus. 

What do cigarettes do to your mouth?

Not only are cigarettes harmful to the overall health of a person, but it has a significant negative impact on the mouth of its users.

They include persistent bad breath, teeth staining from yellow to brown, cancer risk on the mouth and throat, and other oral diseases.

What do vapes do to your oral health?

Vapes involve heating the vaping solution to vaporise it. The heated aerosol can cause oral problems, such as bad breath, gum disease, and tooth decay. 

Snuzzer

Visit us at Snuzzer for more information about nicotine pouches. We also have a wide array of nicotine products you can choose from.

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